Resin is a natural or synthetic compound which begins in a highly viscous state and hardens with treatment. Typically, resin is soluble in alcohol, but not in water. There are a number of different classes of resin, depending on exact chemical composition and potential uses. There are numerous applications for resins, ranging from art to polymer production, and many consumers interact with products which contain resin on a daily basis.

Formaldehyde resin is a synthetic resin product made with formaldehyde as a base ingredient. This product is used in a wide variety of settings and industries, and is one of the oldest synthetic resins around.

Plastic resins are made by heating hydrocarbons in what is known as the "cracking process." The goal here is to break down the larger molecules into ethylene, propylene, and other types of hydrocarbons. The amount of ethylene produced depends on the cracking temperature. Once the cracking process has been completed, the compounds are formed into chains that are known as polymers. Different polymers are combined to make plastic resins that have the characteristics needed for different applications. Once the plastic resins have been formed, they are used to make many different kinds of products.

Epoxy resins are created by transforming liquid polyethers into infusible solids through a special curing process. In most cases, resins are the result of a chemical reaction between epichlorohydrin and bisphenol-A. Overall, the creation of epoxy resin is part of an industry that generates over $15 billion US Dollars annually. Epoxy resins have many different uses. For example, resins that are cured through exposure to ultraviolet light are commonly used in fiber optics, optoelectronics, and dentistry. Industrial tooling applications use epoxy resins to make laminates, castings, fixtures, and molds. In the electronics industry, epoxy resins can be used to make insulators, transformers, generators, and switchgear.



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